CHON-JI – 19 Movements – 9th Kup Yellow Tag
Literally translated means “Heaven and Earth”. In the orient it is interpreted as the creation of the world, or the beginning of human history. Therefore, it is the initial pattern practised by the beginner. It consists of two similar parts, one representing Heaven and the other Earth.
DAN-GUN – 21 Movements – 8th Kup Yellow Belt
Is named after the Holy Dan Gun, the legendary fouder of Korea in the year 2333 BC.
DO-SAN – 24 Movements – 7th Kup Green Tag
Is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahan Ch’ang Ho. (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life, which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.
WON-HYO – 28 Movements – 6th Kup Green Belt
Was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D.
YUL GUK – 38 Movements – 5th Kup Blue Tag
Is the pseudonym of the philosopher and scholar Yi I. (1536-1584 AD) nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea”. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 degrees latitude and the diagram represents “Scholar”.
JOONG-GUN – 32 Movements – 4th Kup Blue Belt
Is named after the patriot Ahn Joong Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ito, the first Governor-General of Korea, known as the person who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn’s age when he was executed at Lui Shung prison in 1910.
TOI GYE – 37 Movements – 3rd Kup Red Tag
Is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th. century AD), an authority on Neo-Confucianism. The movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 degrees latitude, the diagram represents “Scholar”.
HWA-RANG – 29 Movements – 2nd Kup Red Belt
Is named after the Hwa Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. This group eventually became the driving force for the unification of the three Kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th infantry division, where Tae Kwon Do developed into maturity.
CHOONG-MOO – 30 Movements – 1st Kup Black Tags
Was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592 AD, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolise his regrettable and untimely death, which occurred before he had a chance to display the full loyalty.